Welcome to Gonzales, where Texas freedom was born. In 1825 Green DeWitt established the capital of his colony at the confluence of the Guadalupe and San Marcos Rivers. Gonzales has seven public squares laid out in the center of town and has retained the plan of the town as originally surveyed. Gonzales played a major role in Texas' fight for independence. It was the site of the first shot of the revolution. Forty members of the colony died in the Alamo, including the Immortal Thirty-Two, who were the only men to answer Travis' desperate call for reinforcements. Gonzales was also the site of the Run-Away Scrape, which began Sam Houston's famous retreat to victory at San Jacinto.